CII towards encouraging the policy and best practices of waste management across the industry, has constituted a task force on waste to worth. The task force has been working on following activities:
The Ghazipur dumping site was started in the year 1984. It is still in use, despite a planned site life of 25 years. It spreads over an area of approximately 70 acres and is 65 meters high. On an average, 2200 tons of waste is dumped daily at the site. It does not have the attributes of a modern engineered landfill and can be classified as an open dump site due to its physical characteristics and waste disposal operations. The overall quantity of waste disposed of till date is ≈ 14 million tons. Almost 80% of the Ghazipur landfill waste is inert, in that it is non-combustible and soil like, with heavy contamination.
Years of neglect and lack of foresight has left India staring at heaps of wastes at Ghazipur in Delhi which has a major concern for India. To address this issue, a closed-door meeting was organized by CII on Dec 24, 2020 between PSA, Prof. K VijayRaghavan and CII Industry members.
As advised by PSA during the meeting, we have constituted a CII Core Group led by Mr. Palaniappan, Chairman, CII Task Force on Waste to Worth and CEO, Mahindra Waste to Energy Solutions to develop the action plan on Ghazipur landfill site reclamation. The core group includes experts from Thermax, Ramky Group, Excel Industries, and Dalmia Cements as suggested by the Office of PSA.
The members of Core Group met many times over the last month and have come out with some key observations, recommendations, and overall Strategy & Approach for the rehabilitation of the Ghazipur Landfill sites. The same was presented to PSA on Feb 09, 2021 by members.
The overall Strategy & Approach for the rehabilitation of the Ghazipur Landfill sites were well appreciated by the PSA. It was advised by PSA to constitute a CII sub-group to deliberate and work in details on two preliminary points- Close-out of Data Gaps and Development of Project Master Plan for Ghazipur landfill sites.
As advised by PSA, CII has constituted a CII sub-group which include following members. While the CII Members under sub-group include CII team, Thermax Limited., Enviro Group, Excel Industries, the team of PSA under sub-group includes Sr Advisor, Waste of Wealth, The Office of the PSA and Vice President, Waste of Wealth Mission, The Office of the PSA
CII under sub-group met on February 2021 and decided to develop a term of reference for the Close-out of Data Gaps. A sub-group meeting was scheduled on March 09, 2021 with team of PSA to discuss the term of reference and pilot project.
Considering the urgency and need for attending Ghazipur Landfill site, it was proposed a pilot project (through CII, consortium of industries) should be conducted. The idea was well appreciated by the office of the PSA. Upon formal approval of PSA, a detailed project pilot project will be submitted by CII Sub-group.
An interactive discussion was held between members of CII Task Force on Waste to Worth and Office of the PSA on Dec 03, 2020 under the leadership of Chairman, CII Task Force on Waste to Worth. The objective of the meeting was to apprise the members about the initiatives under the Waste to Wealth Mission by the Office of PSA and discuss the engagement with company on waste management.
While we have connected team of the PSA with some of the companies, they may consider 2nd round of interaction with some companies. Based on the discussion, exclusive meetings with the 06 companies were organized during the month of Jan 2021 Office of PSA.
Based on the discussion, the Mahindra World Cities and the office of PSA has been in discussion for the joint piloting and scaling up auto-segregation technologies to sort municipal solid waste. Besides this, the office of PSA has also been in discussion with other to collaborate.
A sub-committee on Industrial Waste Management under CII Task Force on Waste to Worth is also constituted towards addressing the specific challenges and recommendations related to industrial wastes generated by Indian Industry. The committee had several rounds of discussions and brainstorming sessions involving the various industry participants. The participants are experts from various industries and have vast experience on technical, financial and statutory aspects of processing and recycling of these industry specific wastes. Slags from iron and steel industry has been identified as one of the largest volumes of waste being dumped and requires serious attention. The individual industries have developed processes and technologies to convert them into different products and are being utilized in varying quantities. However, it was felt that, some interventions from different government agencies will help in removing the bottlenecks and will maximize its recycling and utilization.
The steel industry participants have come up with a detailed report and proposal for sustainable recycling and use of slags from steel industries. A report was submitted to MoEF&CC and various other Government departments to consider the recommendations.
A MOU has been signed between CII and IIT Bombay to facilitate the activities such as identification of the technologies related to disposal/handling and utilization of the industrial byproducts and wastes; undertake environmental impact assessment (based on laboratory and field tests); providing remedial solutions; and demonstration of the efficacy of remedial measures in the long-run.
Under this initiative, we have been working on different types of wastes and IBPs including Red mud, Slags, Fly ash, Plastics waste, Phosphogypsum, Municipal Solid Waste and the residues the bio-mining, Mine tailings and overburden, Construction and demolition debris, Agricultural waste, and Sediments from the sewage and water treatment plants
CII has been interacting with MoHUA & MNRE and working towards the reinstating fiscal incentives for the Indian waste to energy developer companies in India under the GST law and the Indian Income-tax Act PTA, 1961. Consequently, MoHUA has been working on tax impact study.
The Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs, Government of India in partnership with Confederation of Indian Industry had organized the Indo-China Business Forum on 8th September 2019 under the working group on ‘Resource Conservation and Environment Protection’.
The forum was attended by 44 Chinese and over 50 Indian experts from the areas of waste management, environment, recycling, e-waste management, resource conservation & environment protection etc.
The forum had various important discussions and meetings for collaborative projects amongst Indian and Chinese companies in the area of waste management. As a result, the Memorandum of Understandings (MoUs) was exchanged between 03 Indian and Chinese companies on 9th September 2019 at India China Economic Cooperation Forum in New Delhi, organized by NITI Aayog, National Development and Reforms Commission (NDRC) and CII.
Over the years, efforts have been directed by CII task force on waste for encouraging private sector investment in MSW by engaging key stakeholders from waste management industry, financial institutions and the Government. Based on these insights, policy recommendations and a broad framework of the PPP Model for Integrated MSW Management was prepared by CII task force on waste to worth and the same was presented to Shri Hardeep Singh Puri, Minister of State (I/C) for Housing and Urban Affairs on January 05, 2018.
The inputs from Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs on the framework were being incorporated by the task force into a draft ‘Request for Proposal’ for Integrated MSW Management in India. On April 2018, the members of sub-committee on waste- to- energy projects, formed by CII task force had met to discuss the draft RfP and to look at all factors necessary to develop a more rigorous RfP for waste to energy projects in India.
On 30 November 2018, the members of CII Task Force on Waste to Worth had met Principal Scientific Advisor (PSA), Prof. K VijayRaghavan at New Delhi to discuss the approach for sustainable Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) Management in India and various issues and key recommendations related to this important area.
CII task force in association with Konrad Adenauer Stiftung (KAS) had taken up a study on “Realigning Indo-German Cooperation with the Initiatives of the Indian Government- A Case of Waste Management”, with aim to attract investors and technology providers to investment on India’s PPP model for MSW management.
On 12 May 2017, Mr. Ajay S Shriram, Chairman, CII Task Force on Waste-to-Worth and Ms. Rumjhum Chatterjee, Chairperson, CII Mission on Cities met Mr. Rao Inderjit Singh, Minister of State, Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India. The purpose of this meeting was to discuss framework for CII PPP projects on Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) Management; the major issues involved in this area; the way forward to overcome these issues and help required from Ministry to fulfill the objective of the CII task force. It was decided during the meeting that CII should consider Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Telangana, Rajasthan and Maharashtra for visit in initial stage for selection of cities/ towns.
As advised by Minister of Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA), CII as a first step of its initiative on waste to worth had conducted site visits to 04 States- Hyderabad, Telangana; Raipur, Chhattisgarh; Ranchi, Jharkhand; and Mumbai, Maharashtra during the month of May and June 2017. During the visits, CII task force team interacted with the senior officials at State and ULB levels (SBM Mission Directors) in each location. The initiative was well appreciated by all the representatives at State and ULB levels.
A site visit report was developed and submitted to Joint Secretary, MoHUA with following suggested potential cities for CII to explore Raipur in Chhattisgarh; Mira Bhayandar & Kalyan Dombivli as Clustered in Maharashtra; Dhanbad in Jharkhand; Aurangabad in Maharashtra and Kota in Rajasthan.